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An Introduction to
Molecular Machines and Irreducible Complexity

"A man from a primitive culture who sees an automobile might guess that it was powered by the wind or by an antelope hidden under the car, but when he opens up the hood and sees the engine he immediately realizes that it was designed. In the same way biochemistry has opened up the cell to examine what makes it run and we see that it, too, was designed."

-Michael J. Behe
"Molecular Machines: Experimental
Support for the Design Inference"


A summary of 40 molecular machines identified in the scientific literature

Molecular Machines Museum
Examples of Irreducible Complexity. Illustrations and animations, including graphics from 1997 Behe lecture at Princeton


Molecular Machines: Experimental Support for the Design Inference
1994 paper by Michael Behe presenting the concept of Irreducible Complexity

Flagellum Animations and Movies


Darwin's Black Box
Michael Behe's book on the subject of Irreducible Complexity and its implications toward Darwinian Theory

Graphics Index
Comprehensive visual index of all related graphics located on the ARN Molecular Machines Museum, with links to full-scale illustrations


Irreducible Complexity: The Biochemical Challenge to Darwinian Theory
Michael Behe's 1997 lecture at Princeton University (YouTube)

Signature in the Cell Animation Video
Cell animation video referenced on page 120 of Signature in the Cell.


ATP Synthase Animations and Movies


RNA interference [ .mov ] [ .wmv ]
This animation was specially created for Nature Reviews by Arkitek Studios.

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